Day of the Dead

dia de muertos 

A tradition that embodies the Mexican beliefs celebrates Day of the Dead with “offering.” The idea of the offering is to giving the dead, food and drink. This tradition was born at Mesoamerican where it was believed that the souls of the deceased were traveling to a place after death. But this trip was thought long and hard which required that the dead were buried with some essential items for a safe trip.

Today, this time focusing on the tradition of remembering the dead through offerings, altars and gifts. Some beliefs derive the presence of the four essential elements of nature: earth, wind, water and fire; and other elements that express the duality of life and death of human existence:

  • Earth. Represented by the fruits that feed the dead, seasonal fruits such as pumpkins, hawthorn, tangerines, oranges and sugar cane are observed.

  • Wind. Indispensable copal incense and the belief that the smoke spreads through the air, marking “paths” for the deceased.

  • Water. Placed in a jar or in a container, souls quench their thirst with fresh water after a long journey that transports them to the altar.

  • Fire. The candles are lit for the souls to be remembered. Usually they are placed four candles or pedestal representing the four cardinal points to guide the spirits during their trip.
  • Cempasúchil flowers.  This traditional yellow flower is given season and has a distinctive odor that refers to the Day of the Dead. It is customary to spread their petals at the door of the house and around the offering to guide the soul of the deceased.

  • Sweet Calaveras.

  • Objects and memories that have belonged to the deceased, such as personal items, photographs, beer, cigarettes, and tools to make you more comfortable the deceased in his home.

  • Typical Cuisine. represented by the characteristics of the region, highlights the best of Mexican cuisine such as mole, beans, tortillas, chocolate, pozole, coffee, turkey, and other sweets.

    Although many Mexican families no longer have personal home altars, cities of the country observed this unique tradition and is recognized by UNESCO as intangible cultural heritage.