The situation that was happening in Mexico in 1910 was not unlike the colonial times one hundred years prior: A small group controlled industry and commerce whilst the majority lived in poverty; there were no free elections nor a way in which citizens could participate in the country´s political life. The difference was started in 1910 by a small middle class that was willing to fight and command a rebellion; this time not against a foreign power, but against a dictator, General Porfirio Diaz.
Francisco I. Madero, celebrated for his revolutionary writings, and also candidate for presidency in 1909, proclaimed the San Luis Plan, which said: “This 20th of November, from six in the afternoon onwards, all citizens of the Republic will rise in arms to overthrow the authorities that currently govern.”
This call was responded by many people that in lack of weapons wielded labor instruments, and joined “the bunch” as the movement was called. In the following weeks several revolts rose, notably those led by Emiliano Zapata in Morelos, and Pancho Villa in Chihuahua.
Women, who joined the fight following their husbands or parents, were an important part of the revolution. Songs were dedicated to them, such as Adelita, Valentina, and la Rielera.
Even though Porfirio Diaz abandoned the country, going to France in May 1911, instability and armed conflicts continued in the country until the promulgation of the new constitution in 1917.